What Is IZM In Zener Diode?

What does a zener diode?

A Zener diode is a silicon semiconductor device that permits current to flow in either a forward or reverse direction.

The diode consists of a special, heavily doped p-n junction, designed to conduct in the reverse direction when a certain specified voltage is reached..

What is the voltage drop across a zener diode?

about 0.7 voltsWhen forward-biased, Zener diodes behave much the same as standard rectifying diodes: they have a forward voltage drop which follows the “diode equation” and is about 0.7 volts.

What is the unique feature of a Zener diode?

Zener diodes are heavily doped than ordinary diodes. They have extra thin depletion region. When we apply a voltage more than the Zener breakdown voltage (can range from 1.2 volts to 200 volts), the depletion region vanishes, and large current starts to flow through the junction.

What do you mean by Zener breakdown?

The Zener breakdown can be defined as the flow of electrons across the p kind material barrier of the valence band to the evenly filled n-type material conduction band.

What is the main cause of Zener breakdown?

Zener breakdown occurs in heavily doped p-n junctions. The heavy doping makes the depletion layer extremely thin. So that, carriers cannot accelerate enough to cause ionization. Thus, current will increase in reverse bias only due to reverse breakdown voltage.

What is VI characteristics of Zener diode?

V-I Characteristics of Zener Diode When reverse-biased voltage is applied to a Zener diode, it allows only a small amount of leakage current until the voltage is less than Zener voltage.

Why silicon is used in Zener diode?

Silicon does not get damaged easily due to excess heat. Variation of Ic0 with temperature is not much hence thermal stability is maintained. Also reverse voltage of silicon diode is higher. Diodes can be made of other materials also like germanium but silicon is more used.

Why is zener diode reverse biased?

A reverse biased ,zener diode exhibits controlled the breakdown & allows current to keep voltage across zener diode close to the zener breakdown voltage.

Is Zener diode reverse biased?

Zener diodes are widely used as voltage references and as shunt regulators to regulate the voltage across small circuits. When connected in parallel with a variable voltage source so that it is reverse biased, a Zener diode conducts when the voltage reaches the diode’s reverse breakdown voltage.

What happens when a zener diode is reversed?

This is because when the reverse voltage applied across the zener diode exceeds the rated voltage of the device a process called Avalanche Breakdown occurs in the semiconductor depletion layer and a current starts to flow through the diode to limit this increase in voltage.

What are the advantages of Zener diode?

The ability of the Zener diode to control and reverse part of the current flowing through it means it can be used to regulate and stabilize the voltage in a circuit and prevent problems that can occur when the supply or load voltage varies.

What is Zener effect and Avalanche effect?

The Zener effect is distinct from avalanche breakdown. … The avalanche breakdown occurs in lightly doped junctions, which produce a wider depletion region. Temperature increase in the junction increases the contribution of the Zener effect to breakdown, and decreases the contribution of the avalanche effect.

What is the difference between diode and zener diode?

The major difference between PN junction and the Zener diode is that the PN junction diode allows current to pass only in the forward direction, whereas the Zener diode allows the current to flow both in the forward and the reversed direction.

What is avalanche and zener breakdown?

The breakdown which occurs because of the collision of the electrons inside the PN-junction is called avalanche breakdown, whereas the Zener breakdown occurs when the heavy electric field is applied across the PN- junction. … Because the mechanism of Zener breakdown occurs in the heavily doped region.

What is the main function of zener diode?

Zener diodes are used for voltage regulation, as reference elements, surge suppressors, and in switching applications and clipper circuits. The load voltage equals breakdown voltage VZ of the diode. The series resistor limits the current through the diode and drops the excess voltage when the diode is conducting.

Why zener diode is heavily doped?

Zener diodes are highly doped diodes. This means their behavior in forward bias will be same as a normal diode. But while in reverse bias their junction potential is increased. So that means when the voltage crosses 6V then the diode is in Reverse breakdown and hence the current through the diode increases rapidly.

How do you identify a zener diode?

Zeners may be indistinguishable from regular diodes. Zener diodes may have a dark plastic casing with a dark stripe, which is the same coloring as that of other diodes. Many other zener diodes are copper colored, and are enclosed in a glass casing with a white or black or blue stripe.

How many types of breakdown are there in Zener diode?

The Avalanche Breakdown and Zener Breakdown are two different mechanisms by which a PN junction breaks. The Zener and Avalanche breakdown both occur in diode under reverse bias.