Quick Answer: Why Use A Hotter Or Colder Spark Plug?

What spark plug gives the most horsepower?

Best Spark Plugs for Horsepower – Performance – Fuel Mileage (2020 edition)Denso (4504) PK20TT.NGK 3403 G-Power.ACDelco 41-962.NGK Iridium IX.ACDelco 9748RR Wires..

What does R mean in NGK Spark Plugs?

[R] Resistor – If an R is present, this indicates a resistor type spark plug. Resistor type spark plugs reduce the amount of radio frequency interference (RFI) that can cause ignition misfires and static on the radio. [V] Shell Design – This refers to the thread size and reach of the spark plug.

Why would you use a colder spark plug?

A colder plug transfers heat faster while a hotter plug is slower. The goal is to keep the cylinder temperature between 550*c and 800*c which is about 1020*f to 1470*f. This temperature range is cool enough to prevent knock and not melt the plug tip, but still hot enough to burn off the carbon and prevent fouling.

Why would you run a hotter spark plug?

A hot plug has a slower heat transfer rate and is used to avoid fouling under relatively low chamber or head temperatures. … Rich air/fuel ratios require a hotter plug to prevent fouling. Mixtures that cause the plugs to read lean may contribute to pre-ignition or detonation.

What adds the most horsepower to a car?

How to Increase Your HorsepowerCold Air Intake. Upgrading your vehicle’s intake is one of the easier methods for unlocking some extra horsepower. … Performance Exhaust. A performance exhaust is one of the most popular modifications for enthusiasts. … Software. … Forced Induction. … Performance Engine Build. … Engine Conversion.

What happens if spark plug is too hot?

If the tip of the spark plug is too hot it can cause pre-ignition leading to detonation/knocking and damage may occur. If it is too cold, electrically conductive deposits may form on the insulator causing a loss of spark energy or the actual shorting-out of the spark current.

Does spark plugs increase horsepower?

In short, yes, in some situations spark plugs can increase horsepower. … The theory behind spark plugs increasing horsepower is that by providing more spark to the firing tip of the spark plug, it will (and does) combust more fuel.

Which NGK Spark Plug is hotter?

NGK plugs are colder the higher the number, hotter the lower the number. Starting with part # BKR6E-11 (heat range 6), a colder plug would # BKR7E-11 (heat range 7), a hotter plug would be # BKR5E-11 (heat range 5). For NGK Racing Plugs, the heat range is located AFTER the hyphen.

What happens if you use a colder spark plug?

If the selected spark plug heat range is too cold, the spark plug may begin to foul when the engine speed is low or when operating in cold conditions with rich air-fuel mixtures.

What causes spark plugs to go bad fast?

Overheating Damage: Overheating spark plugs can cause the electrode to wear faster. Pre-ignition from an improperly timed engine can cause this, as can an incorrect air to fuel ratio. Oil Contamination: If oil seeps onto the spark plug, it will foul the tip.

Which is better iridium or platinum spark plug?

Iridium is said to be six times harder and eight times stronger than platinum with a 700° higher melting point. Iridium spark plugs have extremely fine electrodes while retaining excellent wear characteristics. Thanks to its strength, iridium spark plugs can last up to 25% longer than comparable platinum spark plugs.

Are colder spark plugs better?

For NGK, Denso and Pulstar, the higher the number, the colder the plug. … When making spark plug heat range changes, it is better to err on the side of too cold a plug. Running too cold a plug can only cause it to foul out, whereas running too hot a plug can cause severe engine damage.

What does the R stand for on NGK Spark Plugs?

resistor type spark plugThe “R” indicates a resistor type spark plug. Resistor type spark plugs reduce the amount of radio frequency interference (rfi) that can cause ignition misfires and static on the radio, if so equipped. … The number at the end indicates the recommended spark plug gap in tenths of a millimeter.

Does spark plug gap affect idle?

Spark plugs that are gapped incorrectly can cause an engine to miss, or run erratically, especially during idle. The incorrect spark plug gaps can cause uneven firing of individual spark plugs and delay engine combustion; both of which can cause an engine to miss or idle erratically.